The three common ones are Sonchus oleraceus, (SON-kus oh-ler-AY-see-us ) Sonchus Asper (SON-kus ASS-pur) and Sonchus arvensis (SON-kus ar-VEN-sis.) Flower heads are about 1 cm long and yellow. Sonchus means “hollow” and oleraceus means “edible” or “cultivated.” Often plants with white sap are not edible, but for sow thistle the entire plant is edible and nutritious containing carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and minerals. Sonchus glaber Gilib.. Sonchus lacerus Willd.. Sonchus laevis Vill.. Sonchus … Sonchus asper . Sonchus asper on eFloras Arpi is a Hungarian student of plant protection mastery writing from SAPIENTIA Hungarian University of Transylvania, in Tîrgu-Mureș, Romania.) It can be distinguished from Sonchus asper and Sonchus hydrophilus in that they both have stiff and leathery leaves, mostly smooth achenes (fruit) with ribs that are rough to the touch or with hairs. Edible – The young leaves are edible either raw or cooked, but the spines must be removed. They can be added to salads or used like spinach. Sonchus gracilis Sennen. As a class of edible wild plants, Sonchus species are widely distributed in China (Xiong, 1997). [E-flora-2] General: "Annual herb from a short taproot; stems erect, solitary, few-branched above, glabrous, hollow, exuding milky juice when broken, 0.1-1 m tall." Distinguishing Features. Common Names: Blue sow-thistle, prickly sow thistle, rough sow thistle, spiny sow thistle, spiny-leaved sow thistle. grows by roadways and in disturbed areas. The stems are dull green or reddish green, round, and smooth. ex Trev.. Sonchus ciliatus Lam.. Sonchus fabrae Sennen. Sonchus asper is native to Europe, North Africa, and western Asia. Prickly Sowthistle Sonchus asper Aster family (Asteraceae) Description: This plant is a spring or summer annual (usually the former) that becomes 1-3' tall, branching sparingly in the upper half. Ball Sonchus nymanii Tineo & Guss. The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). perennial sowthistle. Sonchus spinulifolius Sennen. Le laiteron rude( Sonchus asper ) plante sauvage comestible crue en salade ou cuit . Pair of European hover-flies Latin name episyrphus balteatus feeding on a yellow prickly sow-thistle flower Latin name sonchus asper or oleraceus Flowering tops of Smooth Sow-thistle /Sonchus oleraceus - the leaves of which are an edible foraged wild green. The young leaves have a mild agreeable flavour. Sonchus angustissimus Hook.f.. Sonchus angustissimus H.Lindb.. Sonchus asper P.Gaertn. The edibility of Sonchus species is probably known since antiquity, being already declared by Dioscorides in the first century, who recognized two kinds of sónkhos, one more rough and prickly, the other more tender and edible, probably Sonchus asper and S. oleraceus, respectively. Classification. J. Its edible leaves make a palatable and nutritious leaf vegetable. young leaves are best after boiling in at least one change of water. It has also become naturalized on other continents and is regarded as a noxious, invasive weed in many places. spiny sowthistle. Sonchus asper subsp. It might be best, though it is not necessary, to remove the marginal prickles. Sonchus asper is native to Europe, North Africa, and western Asia.It has also become naturalized on other continents and is regarded as a noxious, invasive weed in many places. All sow thistles are edible, but the most researched one is Sonchus oleraceus. It has a short taproot, and deeply lobed leaves. The most comprehensive list of edible plants I've come across. Bhursalae is a herbaceous annual or occasionally biennial, disseminated by wind-dispersed seed. The Tortoise and Turtle Feeding Manual. suppressing S. asper and S. arvensis in Canada. glaucescens (Jord.) Sonchus arvensis: Spiny-Leaved Sow Thistle, Sonchus asper, you can find this thistle almost all year and it was used for both its edible and medicinal properties.You can find it in fields, waste places and even in your garden. Family: Asteraceae/Compositae (Aster) Synonym: Sonchus oleraceus, Sonchus ferox. prickly sowthistle. The total phenolic and flavonoid, antioxidant and antibacterial activities of six Sonchus wild vegetables (Sonchus oleraceus L., Sonchus arvensis L., Sonchus asper (L.) Hill., Sonchus uliginosus M.B., Sonchus brachyotus DC. Stems are five angled and hollow and … Sonchus asper (Sharp-fringed Sow Thistle, Prickly Sow Thistle, Spiny Sow Thistle, or Spiny-leaved Sow Thistle) is an annual plant with spiny leaves and yellow flowers resembling those of the dandelion.The leaves are bluish-green, simple, lanceolate, with wavy and sometimes lobed margins, covered in spines on both the margins and beneath. The aerial parts of Sonchus species, ... Sonchus asper, Solanumnigrum and Urtica urens. Its edible leaves make a palatable and nutritious leaf vegetable.. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Sonchus asper (Sharp-fringed Sow Thistle, Prickly Sow Thistle, Spiny Sow Thistle, or Spiny-leaved Sow Thistle) is an annual plant with spiny leaves and yellow flowers resembling those of the dandelion.The leaves are bluish-green, simple, lanceolate, with wavy and sometimes lobed margins, covered in spines on both the margins and beneath. NZPCN states that “Easily distinguished from all the other naturalised Sonchus species by the very large, glaucous, non-spinose leaves” (this includes S.arvensis –perennial sow thistle and annuals S. asper and S. oleraceus) Meanwhile, here are a few pictures: Not for the casual reader. young leaves are edible raw. and Sonchus lingianus Shih) in China were investigated. Edible parts of Field Milk Thistle: Young leaves - raw or cooked. Jun 14, 2012 - Sow Thistle Sonchus spp. Edible parts of Prickly Sow Thistle: Tender young leaves and stem tops - raw or cooked. A slightly bitter taste, they can be added to salads or cooked like spinach. "Sonchus" is the Greek name for sow thistle and … Sonchus oleraceus has hollow stems that exude latex, if damaged. Only the briefest entry for each species, though, and some of the entries are more than a little dubious. 22-23. The similar Common Sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus) does not have large, stout spines on the leaf margins. Sonchus asper, or Prickly Sowthistle, is a spring or summer annual herbaceous wildflower, with spiney leaves and yellow flowers and is often considered a weed because of its aggressive spread. Sonchus oleraceus: flower heads 1.5-2.5 cm wide and plants annual from a taproot (vs. S. arvensis, with flower heads 3-5 cm wide and plants perennial from a deep-seated rhizome). The Latin name of the genus ‘sowthistle’ is Sonchus meaning ‘hollow’. Jahand. Latin Name: Sonchus spp . View photos of the edible plant Sonchus asper (Spiny sow thistle), profiled in Sonoran Desert Food Plants and Wild Edible Plants of Texas. Description: An erect annual hairy herb with a milky sap. The enigma of Sonchus oleraceous vs. S. asper: Perhaps no pair of species has been as confusing for me as distinction between Sonchus oleraceous and S. asper.This confusion has been more so once I started observing specimens in Delhi more closely. The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. The leaves are rich in mineral salts and vitamin C, they contain about 47mg of vitamin C per 100g and 2% protein (dry weight). The Oleraceus has green leaves with a bit of blue, Delta- arrow-shaped end lobes and distinctly pointed lobes where it clasps the stem. Sonchus asper on spes.vt.edu. Classical distinction between the two species is commonly based on sharply spiny leaf margins and rounded basal auricles in S. asper and absence … They are respectfully the common sow thistle, the spiny sow thistle and the field sow thistle. The stem can be simple or branched[299. Common sow thistle has hollow stems that exude latex if damaged. Local Name: Bhursalae (भूरसाले). The leaves can be prepared much like dandelion leaves. Inzerillo, Kimberly (1999-2002), Edible Landscaping. asper Sonchus asper subsp. There are many recipes online. There are many species of Sonchus (Sonchus spp.) The sow thistle is a classical example of how weeding equals harvest equals lunch. Sonchus oleraceus: basal auricles of leaves +/- triangular and stalks to flower heads without stipitate glands or these few and sparse (vs. S. asper, with basal auricles of leaves rounded and stalks to flower heads with abundant stipitate glands). Known hazards of Sonchus asper: None known Plant information taken from the Plants For A … It is 40 to 60 cm high, bluish-green, the leaves are alternate, do not have stalks and half clasp the stem. Special Characteristics. Sonchus nanus Sonchus oleraceus - common sow thistle Sonchus wilmsii - milk thistle Uses . Sonchus tenerrimus angustissimus (H.Lindb.) & Maire. Leaves are 10 to 20 cm long and very coarsely lobed. Sonchus species (Asteraceae) is a class of edible wild plant, with 50 known species widely distributed in Europe, Asia and Africa. et al.. Sonchus australis Hort. Sonchus oleraceus is an annual herb, upto 4 ft. in height.The stems are dark green in color (sometimes tinted with a reddish-purple tinge). Distribution. (Thanks to Arpi Szabo for pointing out that sow-thistle is in fact edible. Sonchus asper is an erect, annual plant, occasionally becoming biennial; it can grow 100 - 150cm tall. Online References: Sonchus asper on Missouriplants.com. varieties in the Pacific Northwest are Perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis), Prickly sow thistle (Sonchus asper), Annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). Sonchus oleraceus L was named by Carolus Linnaeus in 1753 in his "Species Plantarum." Carapace Press, London. – all are edible and most are indistinguishable in appearance – but the two most commonly used for food and medicine are smooth sowthistle (S. oleraceus) and prickly sowthistle (S. asper). Description. Had I not rented land, but owned a lot of my own, I would get more seeds and nurse this incredibly invasive food plant. 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