Eastern philosophy also thrives on … In Western thought, people tend to answer affirmatively and think of the self as an entity separate from others. Eternal reality of the universal truth: self-liberation through getting rid of the false "Me" and discovering the true "Me" "Me" is here and now. Can similarities be found in western philosophy with the eastern concept of self (no-self) in Buddhism? The true “Me” in every human being is a … Comparison Between Eastern and Western Philosophy Broadly, speaking, ... Self-dedication to the goal (success, happiness, etc.) Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives. Eastern_and_Western_Concepts_of_Self - View presentation slides online. 8 0 obj Due to its Christian influence, there has to be a beginning and end to find meaning. Western and Eastern Religion Comparison Islam and Buddhism are two distinct religious traditions that provide their own meaningful responses to the fundamental questions about life. This illusion becomes apparent during meditation when the practitioner recognizes that there is no “I” that can be identified. By and large, cultures in the West tend to be more individualistic whereas people from the East are more collectivist. The self is located at the center within the individual through which the world is perceived. In Western culture, people typically form congregations and worship together at a specific place and time. 15 0 obj Basically, the oriental society has a deep family concept and is unavoidable. 5 0 obj The Western society focuses on the individual's self-development, and parents and children are often independent individuals. In Buddhism the no-self is called anatman. They’re not passive observers; they are active participants in life, selecting actions in harmony with nature. uuid:0c6cbe0d-a9d4-11b2-0a00-10b5a2d6ff7f Eastern, holistic perspectives recognize the interactive nature of reality, similar to the views of general systems theory. endobj Self-concept tends to be more malleable when people are younger and still going through the process of self-discovery and identity formation. Western Ethics, on the other hand, has more of an emphasis on self and what is rationally or logically true. Clearly, human beings cannot be reduced to parts but must be understood within the context of the whole. As people age, self-perceptions become much more detailed and organized as people form a better idea of who they are and what is important to them. The west wants it … Through inner development, the individual comes to see his or her place in the larger context as a part of the whole, which can lead to improved relationships with self, others, and the environment. People build taxonomies for both to try and get some clarity; the distinctions continue to proliferate in an unhelpful way. application/pdf <>stream 3 0 obj The term ‘self’ refers to an individual human being, along with their body, mind, and in some cases, the concept of a ‘soul’. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> And this has consequences for society, the workplace, family, even relationships. Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Shenism, and Taoism are some common religions in these countries. These differences can be noted mainly in people’s behavior and attitudes. Western perspectives about self are inherently dualistic. Collectivism – individuals are part of a group and the needs of the group come before the individual. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> Buddha spoke about the emptiness of the form, in the sense that the form is the physical body, and the human being is just impermanence. 2018-10-12T20:23:10-07:00 endobj endobj One of … Similarities between the concept of the self and the concept of emotion: There is no agreed upon definition of the self or for emotion. Similarities between the concept of the self and the concept of emotion: There is no agreed upon definition of the self or for emotion. In Eastern philosophy , though, the self is often treated as an illusion. In the east there seems to be a greater respect for the amount of time it takes to truly learn a martial art. We want validation for our own self … While Western psychology seems to reflect an … The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of respect. East and West may have numerous differences based on culture. Explain the concept of self as found in Asian thoughts; and 3. Can similarities be found in western philosophy with the eastern concept of self (no-self) in Buddhism? Part of what is developing in children as they grow is the fundamental cognitive part of the self, known as the self-concept. "'[�?��u,�TG�AHƓ_�����Q�d����T"�, In Search of the Self: Eastern versus Western Perspectives. Comparison of Western and Eastern Concepts of Self Western Eastern Duality- you are distinct from other persons Other persons are part of your self Talk about their personal attributes Talk about their social roles Highlights personal achievements Keeps a low profile and avoid boastfulness Individualistic- focus on the person Collectivistic- group and social relations are more important … It emphasizes values the West has forgotten. “Conceptual self” (Neisser, 1997), “Relational Self” (Jordan, 1991), “Public and private selves” (Morin, 1998) have just been a few amongst the many terms offered in the explanation of the ways people perceive themselves and their world. Because the general orientation of Western psychology has been toward the observation, categorization, and alteration of observable behavior, this has led to a therapeutic attitude limited to the diagnosis and treatment of psychopathology. The western view of the ‘enduring self’ refers to the notion that … Eastern systems acknowledge that the individual has to decide first to seek change and help her or himself through inner exploration—restructuring and cultivating mental processes, although the guidance of others who have experienced the process may be sought. Western heritage: The western tradition is commonly acknowledged to be “imbued with a style of The self-concept is a knowledge representation that contains knowledge about us, including our beliefs about our personality traits, physical characteristics, abilities, values, goals, and roles, as well as the knowledge that we exist as individuals. In Eastern philosophy , though, the self is often treated as an illusion. endobj 2 0 obj Eastern psychologies maintain that, as a result of social and self-conditioning, our ambitions, beliefs, desires, expectations, preconceptions, and views of the nature of reality are illusory. In a Platonic tradition, concepts were seen to entail universals, applying always and for ever. Eastern philosophy unequivocally argues that the self is an illusory fiction and that it does not exist in reality. In antiquity, the Greek philosopher Pyrrho traveled with Alexander the Great's army on its conquest of India (327 to 325 BCE) and based his philosophy of Pyrrhonism on what he learned there. The Eastern philosophy is drawn much more into groups or society or people’s actions and thoughts as one in order to find meaning in life as they try to get rid of the false “me” concept and find meaning in discovering the true “me” in relation to everything around them, or as part of a bigger scheme. It is evident that there exists a pluralism with respect to the existence of the self, as well as that some Western authors have similar views to the Eastern concept of the self (e. g. Hume). Presents cross-cultural comparison of the Buddhist perspective with the Western perspective to reveal culturally based assumptions about the nature of the self. <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 3 0 R/Resources<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Type/Page>> °astern ±oncept of Self 94n the east philosophy and religion are twisted together. Linear as it seems, Western philosophy is logical, scientific, and rational compared to the East’s concept of eternal and recurring. environment tend to create different perceptions of the “self” and one of the most common distinctions between cultures and people is the Eastern-vs-Western dichotomy wherein Eastern represents Asia and Western represents Europe and Northern America. In doing so, one might be able to shed light on one’s own views of the Self, and perhaps arrive at some ... Wolter: In Search of the Self: Eastern versus Western Perspectives Published by DigitalCommons@Kennesaw State University, 2012. The self has been conceptualized in a variety of ways by European and American theorists who have addressed a number of different contexts of human behavior. While Western psychology seems to reflect an attitude that the individual must be “helped” from without, by another person, Eastern attitudes are quite the opposite. AND EASTERNTHOUGHT LESSON OBJECTIVES. Perspective of Western and Eastern Theories of the Self EASTERN 1. Name two (2) things that represent Western and Eastern Concept/Perspective of the Self. 2. endobj Eastern culture bel… 2018-10-12T20:23:10-07:00 Eastern psychologies maintain that, as a result of social and self-conditioning, our ambitions, beliefs, desires, expectations, preconceptions, and views of the nature of reality are illusory. However, through the process of meditation and mindfulness, we are able to examine the inner workings of our mind and come to understand the nature of illusion and how it arises. Create a representation of the Filipino self. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> 3. Clearly, human beings cannot be reduced to parts but must be understood within the context of the whole. Humans are intersubjective beings interacting with other people and environmental factors in a constant state of flux. Use PDF export for high quality prints and SVG export for large sharp images or embed your diagrams anywhere with the Creately viewer. The western view of the ‘enduring self’ refers to the notion that “you are the same person you were earlier in your life. Western science has relied on methods for reducing processes to their most elemental level and investigating them in isolation as single variables. 11 0 obj The self and emotion. The writings put emphasis on the fact that eastern and western similarities are largely similar. It does not easily leave the home when it is underage. In Search of the Self: Eastern versus Western Perspectives %PDF-1.7 %���� Although some Eastern conceptions of the self, most notably those derived from Hinduism, which center on the Vedic notion of the atman or soul, are similar to Western ideas of the self, Buddhist psychology provides a radically In Buddhism the no-self is called anatman. endobj Alan Watts, the late British philosopher, proposed that there were two great myths of the self—myth here not used in the sense of something false, but rather as a way of interpreting oneself and one’s reality. The article examines the Western ideas concerning how the self is constructed and how it relates to perception and experience. Jen argues that it is difficult to say whether eastern religions created the region’s cultural viewpoints, or if it was the other way around. Reductionism, while useful in certain applications, is not helpful in understanding the person. Main Difference – Eastern vs Western Culture. Not only does the evidence not support a dual, separate self that exists in isolation from other selves, materialist science has never been able to pin down a self. Western Concept of life is linear as it is concerned with absolute beginnings or endings in time and space. Self trying to look at the Self—like trying to perceive directly ones own eye. Buddhist thought and Western philosophy include several parallels.. Richard C. Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia, Athens. <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> The most often cited difference is that western philosophy is 'fragmentary' while eastern philosophy is 'holistic'. 17 0 obj It helps humans deal with human morality and concepts such as good and … Eastern perspectives about self are inherently non-dualistic. 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