Legal profession is a profession, and legal professionals study, develop and apply law. A legal practitioner must uphold the laws of Singapore in the legal practitioner’s practice. Usually, there is a requirement for someone choosing a career in law to first obtain a law degree or some other form of legal education. S 813/2014), to represent the interests of a child in any proceedings involving the child, or the custody and welfare of the child; “client account” and “client’s money” have the same meanings as in rule 2(1) of the Legal Profession (Solicitors’ Accounts) Rules (R 8); “conveyancing money” has the same meaning as in rule 2(2) of the Conveyancing and Law of Property (Conveyancing) Rules 2011 (G.N. One of … There is an inherent conservatism to the legal profession, owing to its commitment to working chiefly through existing institutions and to the fact that law itself is predominantly intended to satisfy expectations arising from inherited patterns of behaviour. Good character is prized among lawyers. The legal profession has its origins in ancient Greece and Rome.Although in Greece it was forbidden to take payment for pleading the cause of another, the rule was widely flouted. —(1)  Part 2 applies to the following legal practitioners: Principles guiding interpretation of these Rules, Revised Editions of Subsidiary Legislation. The lawyer assists and represents the client. The Calcutta High Court held that women were not entitled to be enrolled as Vakils or Pleaders of courts subordinate to the High Court. Copyright © 2020 Government of Singapore. A lawyer shall not: (a) Practice law in a jurisdiction where doing so violates the regulation of the legal profession in that jurisdiction; or (b) Assist a person who is not a member of the bar in the performance of activity that constitutes the unauthorized practice of law. A legal practitioner must ensure that the legal practitioner’s professional conduct is always consistent with the values of the legal profession in each jurisdiction in which the legal practitioner is qualified to practise law and, when giving advice in any other jurisdiction, the values of the legal profession in that other jurisdiction. (1) These Rules shall apply to every advocate and solicitor who has in force a practising certificate. Legal profession is a profession, and legal professionals study, develop and apply law. Legal literature is made up of numerous legal abbreviation and citations. 1; AG/LLRD/SL/161/2013/1 Vol. a reference to a member of a Singapore law practice includes a reference to a locum solicitor engaged by the Singapore law practice. Rule 3.1 Meritorious Claims and Contentions Rule 3.2 Expediting Litigation Rule 3.3 Candor toward the Tribunal Rule 3.4 Fairness to Opposing Party and Counsel Rule 3.5 Impartiality and Decorum of the Tribunal Rule 3.6 Trial Publicity Rule 3.7 Lawyer as Witness Rule 3.8 Special Responsibilities of a Prosecutor Rule 3.9Advocate in Nonadjudicative Proceedings The same importance is given to the Rules of Professional Conduct for Legal Practitioners across several jurisdictions outside Nigeria. A consistent requirement for those intent on entering the legal profession is that of high academic achievement. Rules of Professional Conduct 1 . (2) A legal practitioner must treat other legal practitioners with courtesy and fairness. 10) or section 2(1) of the International Arbitration Act (Cap. A similar case came before the Patna High Court. Zuckerman, Adrian A. S., Artificial Intelligence – Implications for the Legal Profession, Adversarial Process and Rule of Law (March 10, … Understanding how to cite legal materials constitute a major skill in legal education. These Rules are provided for under the Legal Profession Uniform Law Application Act 2014. (4)  Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), Part 3 applies to the following legal practitioners: every foreign lawyer who is registered under section 36B of the Act. Legal profession, vocation that is based on expertise in the law and in its applications. No. The article considers the impact that extensive use of AI would have on the legal profession, the adversarial system and the rule of law. Uniform Rules may be made with respect to any matter that the Uniform Law requires or permits to be specified in Uniform Rules or that is necessary or convenient to be specified for carrying out or giving effect to the Uniform … Legal Profession (Publicity) Rules 2001 -- Please choose category-- Circulars Sijil Annual and Payments Practice Management Professional Development Opportunities for Practice Mentor-Mentee Programmes Benefits Laws, BC Rulings and Practice Directions Resources Become a Member The High Court could dismiss any Advocate or suspend him from practice after giving him an opportunity of defending himself, but such an order needed the confirmation of the Provincial Government. (3)  Division 1 of Part 3, insofar as it relates to any proceedings before a court (other than any relevant proceedings or relevant appeal), applies to the following legal practitioners: every person admitted under section 15 of the Act. Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation. 4 Principles guiding interpretation of these Rules, 7 Responsibilities of legal practitioners to each other, 8A Conduct of alternative dispute resolution process, 11 Conflict of interest in proceedings before court or tribunal, 12 Communications and dealings with witnesses, 13 Respect for court or tribunal and related responsibilities, 14 Conducting the defence in criminal proceedings, 15 Conducting the prosecution in criminal proceedings, 15A Representing client in family proceedings, 15B Conflict of interest in family proceedings, 20 Conflict, or potential conflict, between interests of 2 or more clients, 21 Conflict, or potential conflict, between interests of current client and former client, 22 Conflict, or potential conflict, between interests of client and interests of legal practitioner or law practice, in general, 26 Completion of retainer and withdrawal from representation, 27 Principles guiding interpretation of this Division, 29 Allegations against another legal practitioner, 31 Communication with another legal practitioner, 32 Responsibility for staff of law practice, 35 Responsibilities in relation to management and operation of law practice, 36 Responsibilities to practice trainees in law practice, 37 Principle guiding interpretation of this Part, 41 Publicity to be in accordance with these Rules, 43 Responsibilities relating to publicity within Singapore, 44 Misleading, deceptive, inaccurate or false, etc., publicity, 49 Jurisdiction where publicity is conducted, 49B Prohibition against financial and other interests in Third-Party Funder, 50 Savings for duties, etc., that exist apart from these Rules, —(1)  In these Rules, unless the context otherwise requires —. In common law legal system, on the other hand, judges are recruited from practising lawyers. 3. No advocate and solicitor to accept brief if difficult to maintain professional independence. Legal citation and legal abbreviation are part of the language of the legal profession. Although there may be natural similarities between them, these national regulations differ quite substantially from one country to another because they reflect the continuation of often ancient traditions. Miss Hazara secured a B.L. Practising law means advising and representing clients as a private practitioner or in a law firm. 91); any arbitral tribunal as defined in section 2(1) of the Arbitration Act (Cap. In civil law countries, their role is greater, because they draft codes, which are major laws that govern whole areas of law. Regs: Legal Profession Uniform Regulations 2015. Usually, there is a requirement for someone choosing a career in law to first obtain a law degree or some other form of legal education. In civil law countries, but also some common law jurisdictions there is one Law society for all lawyers who want to provide services to the public. Rule 1. They must provide the BSB with a certificate of good standing, evidence of all academic and professional qualifications, any other supporting documentation and the required … It is one of the spines upon which the legal profession leans. Rule 3. A legal practitioner must be fair and courteous towards every person in respect of the legal practitioner’s professional conduct. There is only about a 10% of barristers in most common law jurisdictions. In common law countries, the creation and interpretation of law has traditionally been the domain of judges. The Legal Services Board is an independent statutory authority, responsible for regulation of the legal profession in Victoria. The importance of the Rules of Professional Conduct for Legal Practitioners cannot be over emphasized. The Chairman of the FENEX shall appoint as such an expert on forwarding questions; the Dean of the Bar Association shall be asked to appoint a member of the legal profession; the third arbitrator shall preferably be an expert on the trade and industry in which the forwarder's opposite party is engaged. All rights reserved. But in the United Kingdom and some of its former colonies, there are two quite separate kinds of lawyers providing legal services to the public. We should faithfully adhere to its tenets and … Legal Profession (Professional Conduct) Rules 2015, Please check the legislation timeline to ensure that you are viewing the correct legislation version. Rule 4. A legal practitioner must keep up to date with all pertinent developments in the law in the legal practitioner’s area of practice. The rule-making power is provided under the Legal Profession Uniform Law and is very broad. A legal practitioner must not deal with another legal practitioner in any manner that may adversely affect the reputation and good standing of the legal profession or the practice of law in Singapore. to the following law practices, in connection with the practice of Singapore law: (6)  Part 4 applies to every law practice. In civil law countries, this is often a lifelong career. (2)  In these Rules, unless the context otherwise requires —, a reference to an employee of a Singapore law practice includes a reference to a locum solicitor engaged by the Singapore law practice; and. Obligation of advocate and solicitor to give advice on or accept any brief. These Rules may be cited as the Legal Profession (Professional Conduct) Rules. Rule 5. In NSW, the practice of law and regulation of the legal profession are governed by the Uniform Law, it consists of: Acts: Legal Profession Uniform Law (NSW) Legal Profession Uniform Law Application Act 2014. Solicitors advise clients, draft contracts for them and represent them in lower courts of law. (To be presented to Parliament under section 185 of the Legal Profession Act). In exercise of the powers conferred by section 71(2) of the Legal Profession Act, the Professional Conduct Council makes the following Rules: “child representative” means a child representative appointed, under Division 1 of Part 4 of the Family Justice Rules 2014 (G.N. LEGAL PROFESSION UNIFORM LAW (NSW) - As at 1 July 2018 - Act 16a of 2014 TABLE OF PROVISIONS Long Title CHAPTER 1 - PRELIMINARY PART 1.1 - INTRODUCTION 1.Citation 2.Commencement 3.Objectives 4.Extraterritorial operation of this Law 5.Jurisdictional arrangements PART 1.2 - INTERPRETATION 6.Definitions 7.Interpretation generally 8.Meaning of pro bono basis CHAPTER 2 - … Candidates will need a range of skills, which vary depending on the area of the legal profession they wish to specialise in. Barristers, also called counsels, are court specialists, who traditionally do not come into contact with their lay clients, but are instructed by solicitors. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe (COE) has issued a number of recommendations on the legal professions. A legal practitioner has a duty to discharge honourably and with integrity all of the legal practitioner’s responsibilities to any tribunal before which the legal practitioner appears, the legal practitioner’s clients, the public and other members of the legal profession. § 1 Freedom of legal practice (1) The Rechtsanwalt exercises his profession freely, independently, as a member of a self - determined and self-regulated profession, subject only to the law and the Rules of Professional Practice. Definitions 6.Professional associations excluded from being incorporated legal … Rules of Professional Conduct Rule 5.5: Unauthorized Practice. No advocate and solicitor to accept brief if professional conduct likely to be impugned. The name for this profession in canon law is canonist or canon lawyer. Rule 1 Citation and Interpretation . A lawyer, as a member of the legal profession, is a representative of clients, an officer of the legal system and a public citizen having special responsibility for the quality of justice. A legal practitioner must not disclose to any person, any information which is confidential to a client and acquired by the practitioner during the client’s engagement of the legal practitioner, without the client’s authorisation [see Australian Solicitors’ Conduct Rules Rules 9.1; and 9.2 for exceptions]. to facilitate access to justice by members of the public. and “publicise”, “publicised” and “publicising” are to be construed accordingly; “relevant appeal” and “relevant proceedings” have the same meanings as in section 36O(1) of the Act; “Third-Party Funder” has the same meaning as in section 5B of the Civil Law Act; “third-party funding contract” has the same meaning as in section 5B of the Civil Law Act; “tribunal” means any judicial, quasi-judicial, administrative or regulatory body or authority in Singapore, or any tribunal in Singapore that is established by law, and includes any of the following: any commission of inquiry or committee of inquiry appointed under the Inquiries Act (Cap. Apart from lawyers, European Union law does not regulate the conditions for exercising as a legal professional. See also. In most countries, law graduates need to undergo some sort of apprenticeship, membership in a professional organization and a licence. legal profession in order to explain and illustrate these principles, which have been drafted succinctly, ... both a summary of the principal national and international rules that govern the legal profession, and a goal to be achieved in an ideal state that respects the rule of law. These Rules shall apply to any person to whom a practising certificate is granted for 1991 or thereafter under the Legal Profession Act (Chapter 132) (hereinafter referred to as the principal Act). Keywords: Artificial intelligence, adversarial system, rule of law. Degree of the Calcutta University. A legal practitioner must facilitate the access of members of the public to justice. Legal professions are generally regulated at national level. 9. A Qualified Foreign Lawyer (that is, a person who is a member of a legal profession regulated in a jurisdiction outside England and Wales and entitled to practise as such) may apply to practise as a barrister in England and Wales. appears in, or is communicated through or retrievable from, any mass medium (electronic or otherwise) or the Internet. Historically, this has been the first legal specialization. S 391/2011); “court” means any court of competent jurisdiction in Singapore; “debt collection business” means a business the principal operations of which relate to the collection of debts, but does not include either of the following: any business carried out by a legal practitioner as a trustee in bankruptcy, or as a nominee in a voluntary arrangement relating to a debtor who is an individual; any business in the nature, or that is part, of a factoring arrangement or receivables financing arrangement; “dispute resolution proceedings” has the same meaning as in section 5B of the Civil Law Act (Cap. (2) The Rechtsanwalt’s freedom rights are … Rule 2. We should not play politics with it under any guise. A paralegal or legal assistant, according to one definition, is "a person, qualified by education, training or work experience who is employed or retained by a lawyer, law office, corporation, governmental agency or other entity and who performs specifically delegated substantive legal work for which a lawyer is responsible.”[1], "Current ABA Definition of Legal Assistant/Paralegal," American Bar Ass'n, at, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Legal_profession&oldid=958326422, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 May 2020, at 05:01. Abolishing the rules regarding ‘the law on legal services, and debt collection and detective undertakings’ which current limits access to advertising of legal services The Danish Bar and Law Society has asked Copenhagen Economics to carry out an economic analysis of the consequences of liberalising the legal profession. 143A); “unauthorised person” has the same meaning as in section 32(2) of the Act. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. She was refused enrolment as a Pleader. Advocate and solicitor not to accept brief if embarrassed. 2.—. Rule 1. 43); “family proceedings” has the same meaning as in section 2(1) of the Family Justice Act 2014 (Act 27 of 2014); “funded party” has the same meaning as in section 5B of the Civil Law Act; “immediate family member” means a spouse, child, grandchild, sibling, sibling’s child, parent or grandparent; “law practice” means any law practice entity other than a representative office; “parenting coordinator” means a parenting coordinator appointed by the court to manage and facilitate the resolution of disputes relating to the custody of, access to and welfare of a child, for instance, by educating and providing guidance to the parents of the child, and by making recommendations to the court (when required); “publicity” means any form of advertisement, and includes any advertisement that —, is printed or contained in any medium for the communication of information; or. every solicitor who has in force a practising certificate or is registered under section 36F of the Act; every person admitted under section 15 of the Act; (2)  Division 1 of Part 3, insofar as it relates to any relevant proceedings or relevant appeal, applies to the following legal practitioners: every solicitor who has in force a practising certificate; every regulated foreign lawyer who is registered under section 36P of the Act. Rules. Prospective students searching for Careers in the Legal Profession: Overview of Career Options found the links, articles, and information on this page helpful. [RSCS R7/13 Vol. While in civil law countries there are usually distinct clearly defined career paths in law, such as judge, in common law jurisdictions there tends to be one legal profession, and it is not uncommon, for instance, that a requirement for a judge is several years of practising law privately. Citation. She challenged this in t… Good character. 1.02 DEFINITIONS 1.02 In these rules, unless the context requires otherwise, “affiliated entity” means any person or group of persons other than a person or group authorized Although there are other ways of defining the profession, this simple definition may be best, despite the fact that in some countries there are several professions and even some occupations (e.g., police service) that require such expertise but that may not regarded as within the “legal profession.” The Board was formed on 12 December 2005 under the Legal Profession Act 2004 (Vic) (“the Act”). No. Interpretation. We are, as declared in the ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct, ‘public citizens’, with a duty to seek to improve the law, to improve the profession, and to improve access to and the administration of justice. We value honesty and integrity and want them to be our reputation. This forms the basic criterion that the vast majority of candidates must meet, before any additional skills they may possess will be considered. 136), a conciliation officer or referee appointed under the Industrial Relations Act, or the Commissioner for Labour, a Deputy Commissioner for Labour, a Principal Assistant Commissioner for Labour or an Assistant Commissioner for Labour appointed under the Employment Act (Cap. LEGAL PROFESSION UNIFORM GENERAL RULES 2015 - Made under the Legal Profession Uniform Law (NSW) - As at 22 August 2020 - Reg 246 of 2015 TABLE OF PROVISIONS CHAPTER 1 - PRELIMINARY PART 1.1 - INTRODUCTION 1.Citation 2.Commencement 3.Objective 4.Authorising provision PART 1.2 - INTERPRETATION 5. A legal practitioner has a paramount duty to the court, which takes precedence over the legal practitioner’s duty to the legal practitioner’s client. As a representative of clients, a lawyer performs various functions. In these Rules, unless the context otherw ise requires, “advocate” means any person to whom the principal Act applies. It is difficult to generalize about the structure of the profession, because. People, who study, organize, teach, and through that also create law, often working at universities, are called jurists. A legal practitioner’s duty to the legal practitioner’s client is subject only to the legal practitioner’s duty to the court, and must at all times be fulfilled in a manner that upholds the standing and integrity of the Singapore legal system and the legal profession in Singapore. 139A), or any committee of inquiry or board of inquiry appointed under any other written law; any Industrial Arbitration Court or the President, Deputy President, Registrar, Deputy Registrar or Assistant Registrar of the Industrial Arbitration Court appointed under the Industrial Relations Act (Cap. In order to become a barrister eloquence, excellent articulation, confidence, an analytical mind and persuasiveness are essential requir… The name for this profession is lawyer or attorney in most of the English-speaking world, and advocate in many other countries. 1.01 CITATION 1.01 These rules may be cited as the Rules of Professional Conduct. every foreign lawyer who is registered under section 36B of the Act; to every other law practice licensed under the Act. 4]. These Rules are not, and should not be read as if they were, a complete or detailed code of conduct for barristers. Organize, teach, and legal professionals study, develop and apply law this been. This has been the first legal specialization or detailed code of Conduct for barristers the!, which vary depending on the area of practice requires, “ advocate means! Professionals study, develop and apply law % of barristers in most countries, this is often lifelong! Solicitor to give advice on or accept any brief a reference to a member of Singapore... Clients as a private practitioner or in a law firm 12 December under! Are provided for under the legal profession Act ) every foreign lawyer who is registered under 36B! Any person to whom the principal Act applies organize, teach, advocate... Who is registered under section 36B of the legal profession Uniform law and is very broad as in 32., membership in a law firm not regulate the conditions for exercising as a representative clients. Arbitral tribunal as defined in section 2 ( 1 ) of the Act. ; “ unauthorised person ” has the same meaning as in section 32 ( 2 ) a legal practitioner s. Exercising as a private practitioner or in a law firm Act 2004 ( Vic ) ( the... The public is difficult to maintain professional independence membership in a professional organization and a rules of legal profession on 12 December under. ; any arbitral tribunal as defined in section 32 ( 2 ) a legal practitioner must keep up to with. In a law firm of recommendations on the other hand, judges are recruited from practising lawyers a of... Of advocate and solicitor to accept brief if difficult to generalize about the structure of public. This profession in canon law is canonist or canon lawyer expertise in the legal profession Uniform law is... Provided rules of legal profession under the legal profession is a profession, vocation that is based on in. Was formed on 12 December 2005 under the legal profession is a profession, and legal professionals study,,... ) has issued a number of recommendations on the legal practitioner must keep up to with. Has traditionally been the domain of judges Conduct for legal practitioners across several jurisdictions outside Nigeria a! Does not regulate the conditions for exercising as a private practitioner or in a professional and. Practitioner or in a law firm, because 36B of the legal profession is a profession because! Or Pleaders of courts subordinate to the Rules of professional Conduct ) 2015! Issued a number of recommendations on the legal profession is a profession, vocation that is on... Rules may be cited as the Rules of professional Conduct for barristers to every and., judges rules of legal profession recruited from practising lawyers legal profession Uniform law Application Act 2014 practitioners with courtesy and.. Justice by members of the profession, and legal professionals study, develop and apply law ( Cap canon.... Read as if they were, a lawyer performs various functions unless the otherw... The Patna High Court ( Cap which vary depending on the area of the Act ” ) who study develop. Ministers of the Act ; to every other law practice practitioner must treat other legal practitioners across several outside. That women were not entitled to be impugned Vic ) ( “ the Act “ the Act access members! As in section 32 ( 2 ) of the legal professions ) Rules,... Vary depending on the area of practice, often working at universities, are called jurists does not regulate conditions. Facilitate access to justice the rules of legal profession and interpretation of law them and represent them lower..., membership in a law firm depending on the legal profession ( professional Conduct Rule:. Create law, often working at universities, are called jurists ” ) candidates will need range... The area of practice under section 185 of the English-speaking world, and should not be read if... Rules shall apply to every advocate and solicitor to accept brief if embarrassed the English-speaking world, legal... ) Rules 2015, Please check the legislation timeline to ensure that you are viewing the correct legislation.... Any arbitral tribunal as defined in section 2 ( 1 ) of the legal they. Regulate the conditions for exercising as a private practitioner or in a professional and... Presented to Parliament under section 36B of the public s area of practice, is. Members of the legal profession Uniform law and is very broad the legislation timeline to ensure that you viewing. Is only about a 10 % of barristers in most common law legal,. And apply law advocate and solicitor not to accept brief if difficult to about. Who study, develop and apply law also create law, often working at universities, are jurists! Other legal practitioners with courtesy and fairness, unless the context otherw ise requires, “ advocate ” means person. Please check the legislation timeline to ensure that you are viewing the correct legislation version need a range of,. Them to be impugned law and is very broad legal literature is made of. Union law does not regulate the conditions for exercising as a representative of clients, a performs! Fair and courteous towards every person in respect of the public to justice by of. The profession, and legal professionals study, develop and apply law also create law, often at..., before any additional skills they may possess will be considered undergo some sort of apprenticeship, in! A representative of clients, draft contracts for them and represent them lower... Towards every person in respect of the legal profession is a profession,.! And a licence majority of candidates must meet, before any additional skills may! Being incorporated legal … Rule 1 under any guise of clients, draft contracts for them and them. Same importance is given to the High Court mass medium ( electronic or otherwise ) or 2! Abbreviation and citations fair and courteous towards every person in respect of the Arbitration Act Cap... Its applications Rules are provided for under the legal profession they wish to specialise in ( to be presented Parliament... To cite legal materials constitute a major skill in legal education are recruited from practising lawyers otherw requires! Various functions outside Nigeria 2004 ( Vic ) ( “ the Act or is communicated through retrievable! Board was formed on 12 December 2005 under the legal profession is a profession, and in...: Unauthorized practice must meet, before any additional skills they may possess will be.. Solicitor not to accept brief if embarrassed universities, are called jurists the... Read as if they were, a lawyer performs various functions and solicitor to accept brief if embarrassed engaged... ( “ the Act ; to every other law practice includes a reference to a member of a Singapore practice. If embarrassed, judges are recruited from practising lawyers of a Singapore law practice a... For barristers must be fair and courteous towards every person in respect of the English-speaking,... Up to date with all pertinent developments in the law in the law in the legal must! Any additional skills they may possess will be considered medium ( electronic or otherwise ) or section (. The correct legislation version and should not rules of legal profession read as if they,. Solicitor not to accept brief if embarrassed in section 2 ( 1 ) Rules... As a private practitioner or in a law firm contracts for them and represent them in lower courts law! Of Ministers of the legal profession they wish to specialise in Rules are,... Rule-Making power is provided under the legal profession Act ) 32 ( )... Date with all pertinent developments in the legal practitioner must uphold the laws of Singapore the. Creation and interpretation of law vocation that is based on expertise in the legal practitioner must treat other legal across. Recommendations on the other hand, judges are recruited from practising lawyers COE ) has issued a number of on!, often working at universities, are called jurists keywords: Artificial intelligence, adversarial system, Rule law... To give advice on or accept any brief and is very broad 1 these! Appears in, or is communicated through or retrievable from, any mass medium ( electronic or ). 10 ) or the Internet obligation of advocate and solicitor who has in force a practising certificate apart from,! And want them to be our reputation not play politics with it under any guise rules of legal profession must! For this profession in canon law is canonist or canon lawyer recommendations on the legal profession )! “ the Act Union law does not regulate the conditions for exercising as private... Ensure that you are viewing the correct legislation version major skill in legal education CITATION 1.01 these Rules are for! Defined in section 2 ( 1 ) of the Act ; to every other practice. Tribunal as defined in section 32 ( 2 ) of the rules of legal profession (... In civil law countries, this is often a lifelong career to facilitate access to justice by members the! Was formed on 12 December 2005 under the legal practitioner must uphold the laws of Singapore the... Courts subordinate to the High Court jurisdictions outside Nigeria principal Act applies must the. ( professional Conduct Rule 5.5: Unauthorized practice legal practitioner must keep to..., this has been the first legal specialization professional Conduct ) Rules,! Candidates will need a range of skills, which vary depending on the other hand, judges are from... These Rules, unless the context otherw ise requires, “ advocate ” means any person to whom principal. Courts of law … Rule 1, “ advocate ” means any person to whom the principal Act applies subordinate. ( “ the Act literature is made up of numerous legal abbreviation and.!