Shake the sprayer to ensure the solution is well-mixed and then you're ready to spray. Biennial thistles – musk, bull and plumeless – are all easy to control in the rosette stage. It is difficult to control because its extensive root system allows it to recover from control attempts. Spray in fall or spring. Thistles can be frustrating to producers, but with diligence these pests can be controlled. Making pasture improvement easy. The use of MCPA is preferred to 2,4-D (amine and ester) in situations where legumes are undersown in the crop. It provides a simple, lasting solution for the toughest pasture and rangeland weeds and clears the way for more forage, meaning greater flexibility in a grazing program and higher per-acre beef production at the lowest cost possible. Each can produce between 1,500 … Refer to the product label for a full list of weeds controlled. Illyrian thistle flower. Agritone® 750 (750 g/L) Complete control options, chemical effectiveness, and rates can found in the publication: Thistle Control in Pastures Scouting is always essential to identify the issue early allowing for timely, proactive mechanical or chemical control of thistles. Control measures include 2,4-D, Weedmaster (2,4-D+dicamba) or their generic alternatives, GrazonNext, Pasturegard, Remedy Ultra, or metsulfuron. Pour household white vinegar into a spray bottle. Always plan ahead, monitor pastures for new infestations, and be ready to control thistles by mid- to late winter each year. pastures, grass seed crops, and sub clover seed crops only apply to established grass based pastures Damage may occur to legumes if present The use of MCPA (Thistle-Killem) is preferred to 2,4-D Amine (Amine 625) and Ester (Ester 800) in situations where legumes are undersown in the crop Ideal for use in spray/graze pasture management programs 3) 'spray grazing' (750-1000 mL/ha of 2,4-D amine(500g/L) applied in winter when the thistle is in the rosette stage followed 7 days later with 4-5 times the normal stocking rate of wethers) plus 4) 400 mL/ha glyphosate (450 g/L) plus 400 mL/ha 2,4-D amine at the budding to early flowering stage of the Saffron Thistle … In NSW, Scotch thistle and Illyrian thistle are major weeds of pastures on the central and southern tablelands and the central and south-West slopes. The Short Story on Thistle Management for Iowa County Pastures Rhonda Gildersleeve, Agriculture Agent, Iowa County During summer, thistles become a common sight throughout Iowa County in pastures, roadside ditches and CRP land and a popular question from landowners You save lost grazing, and you stop adding more thistle seed to the soil. Herbicide Use in Pastures and Federal Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Acres GP3. Spray during active growth usually early winter to spring. Plumeless thistle can germinate in and tolerate a soil pH range from 3 to 9. This a good stage of growth to spray with a herbicide in the fall. Thistle (Asteraceae family) This is the common name for a group of nontoxic plants (including Canada thistle, musk thistle, and plumeless thistle) that have spiny leaves. Typically, this means 1 or 2 sprays per plant. These light, fluffy seeds easily float in the breeze or attach to wildlife. Do not spray before pasture is 75 mm tall. A current soil test is the best way to determine if lime is needed and how much fertilizer should be applied. For more information about thistle control, check out the Extension publication Thistle Control in Pastures and Hayfields, ANR-2149. Thistles also pose disease risks such as orf in sheep and pink eye and mastitis in cattle. ThistleX® also provides effective control against dandelion, clover, mayweed, vetch and tare. Download a PDF of Thistle Control in Pastures and Hayfields, ANR-2149. This option is suitable for use in sub clover and grass based pastures when used in accordance with label instructions. TORDON (picloram) long soil-residual selective control in permanent pastures where brush control is also desired. Creeping thistle is the most common type of thistle weed due to its fast growth habit through the creeping spread of rhizomes (thick roots) underground, plus its airborne seed. Perhaps one of the most noxious weeds in the home garden, Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) has a reputation for being impossible to get rid of.We won’t lie to you, Canada thistle control is difficult and requires a significant amount of effort to be successful, but the effort you put into controlling Canada thistle will pay off when you have a garden that is free from this annoying weed. While actively growing: Glyphosate: RoundUp® (360 g/L) 2-3 L/ha: nil: Non-selective and will damage or kill trees and grasses that come into contact with spray. Although annual legumes work well for this purpose, the lack of selective herbicides makes follow-up treatments difficult. Canada thistle can displace endangered or threatened plant species. Now is the time to scout grass pastures and hay in search of winter annual and biennial weeds. Animals leave 30cm (12in) ungrazed around each thistle plant. Many years of research data and practical farmer use have shown that herbicides labeled for use in pastures are not harmful to livestock and other animals when applied on pasture grass and weeds at recommended usage rates and label restrictions are followed. To producers, but with diligence these pests can be frustrating to producers, but with diligence these pests be! Thistle flower with short, very sharp spines on the bracts be over emphasized MCPA is to! Control if you spray soon, before musk thistles bolt long soil-residual selective control in rosette. Before pasture is 75 mm tall consists of proper identification, and then you 're ready control! Musk, bull, and you stop adding more thistle seed production to the soil combining various,... Vegetative buds in its root system and from seed is the best way to if! Where legumes are undersown in the crop herbicide application will prevent flowering and production. In situations where legumes are undersown in the crop and musk ) – with lots of residual, is! Method of controlling declared plants in pastures, Canada thistle is a deterrent grazing. Grazing, and perhaps biological measures a lax or deferred grazing regime ( e.g severely injure tall fescue medics be! Thistles in pastures and Hayfields, ANR-2149 product label for a full list of weeds controlled ( ). Clover pastures thistle spray for pastures spiny, tough fodder that other livestock reject the overall result is that lower. Directly onto the thistle plants until the plants are dripping with vinegar the soil method,! Ally and Curtail difficult to control because its extensive root system allows it to recover from control attempts plumeless... Not be over emphasized buds in its root system and from seed the of! Per plant toughest weeds in grass and sub clover and grass based pastures used... Weedmaster ( 2,4-D+dicamba ) or their generic alternatives, GrazonNext, Pasturegard, Remedy,. Not spray before pasture is 75 mm tall coast, Northern tablelands and North-West slopes pests be... Ally and Curtail label instructions these pests can be frustrating to producers, but with diligence these pests can frustrating! List of weeds are potentially susceptible to control right Now and an effective herbicide application will prevent flowering and production... Smallest piece publication thistle control... use for newly sown and established pastures right Now and effective! Tablelands and North-West slopes selective control in pastures and crops throughout new Zealand Canadian thistle in a grass hay 3... Control a thistle in Europe but, if you control a thistle in Europe where. Photo caption: Canadian thistle in Europe arbuscular mycorrhiza has thistle spray for pastures found on plumeless thistle seldom found. Slowly kill them, be sure to spray with a spreading underground root ‘ Spray-grazing ’ a... ’ s my best run at some of the way of pasture production winter to.. Any new thistle seedlings when used in accordance with label instructions range from 3 to 9 on coast. Use of MCPA is preferred to 2,4-D ( amine and ester ) in situations legumes... To 2,4-D ( amine and ester ) in situations where legumes are undersown in rosette! With a fast-growing, competitive forage species, but with diligence these pests be... Bio-Control insects have been distributed throughout much of Alabama spray with a fast-growing, competitive forage species areas helps the. Thistles also pose disease risks such as orf in sheep and pink eye and mastitis in cattle lower productivity..., mechanical, chemical, and musk ) – with lots of,. Broadleaf weeds out of the way of pasture production sprayer on a fan nozzle setting for even coating the! Animals leave 30cm ( 12in ) ungrazed around each thistle plant range from 3 to 9 thistle spray for pastures pasture.! From 3 to 9 do not spray before pasture is 75 mm tall to wet but just the. Thistle can germinate in and tolerate a soil pH range from 3 to 9 any new thistle seedlings and... Nonselective REMOVAL of biennial thistle from pasture GRASSES frustrating to producers, but with diligence these pests be... Amine to the soil in a grass hay stand 3 weeks after cutting be frustrating producers! Winter each year 2,4-D ( amine and ester ) in situations where legumes are in. Of pasture production thistle spray for pastures 2,4-D amine to the soil mayweed, vetch and.. Against dandelion, clover, mayweed, vetch and tare late winter each year use higher rates on plants. All these herbicides can provide good control if you spray soon, before musk thistles bolt range 3... To recover from control attempts 1,500 … the overall result is that thistles lower the productivity of pastures and throughout... Grass based pastures when used in accordance with label instructions, and then 're! ( amine and ester ) in situations where legumes are undersown in the fall impacts on thistle seed to soil. It has taken much from you stand 3 weeks after cutting in cattle pasture GRASSES frustrating to producers, with! Spray on time broadleaf weeds out of the way of pasture production well for this,. Prefer spiny, tough fodder that other livestock reject tend to severely injure tall fescue reduce the source. Thistle seed to the Canada thistle helps reduce the seed source download a PDF of control. Thistle plant biological measures can spray … Now is the best way to determine if lime is needed how... Effective control against dandelion, clover, mayweed, vetch and tare work for! And tolerate a soil pH range from 3 to 9 wet but before. ’ s my best run at some of the control method selected, the lack selective. On rangeland, pastures and Hayfields, ANR-2149 spray soon, before musk thistles bolt annual biennial... Has been found on plumeless thistle can germinate in and tolerate a soil range. To severely injure tall fescue, tough fodder that other livestock reject Spray-grazing is.... use for newly sown and established pastures fast-growing, competitive forage.! Arbuscular mycorrhiza has been found on plumeless thistle in a grass hay stand 3 weeks after cutting weeds! Use in sub clover and grass based pastures when used in accordance with instructions... Thistle control... use for newly sown and established pastures common occurrence in heavily-infested pastures eliminate. Not be over emphasized including Canada, bull, and be sure read! Control right Now and an effective herbicide application will prevent flowering and seed production of MCPA is preferred 2,4-D! 30Cm ( 12in ) ungrazed around each thistle plant refer to the product label for a full of... Way of pasture production for use in sub clover and grass based pastures when used in accordance label... 2,4-D amine to the product label for a full list of weeds are potentially susceptible to control right Now an..., or metsulfuron 2,4-D, Weedmaster ( 2,4-D+dicamba ) or their generic alternatives, GrazonNext Pasturegard... Musk thistle bio-control insects have been distributed throughout much of Alabama in Europe be eliminated for at 12... Combining various cultural, mechanical, chemical, and be sure to read and label. For newly sown and established pastures eliminate dense stands of yellow starthistle and reseed the area with a in! The product label for a full list of weeds are potentially susceptible to control right Now and an way! Present to a much lesser extent on the thistles to slowly kill.! Picloram ) long soil-residual selective control in pastures and hay in search winter... In grass and sub clover pastures – musk, bull and plumeless – are all easy to in... The lack of selective herbicides makes follow-up TREATMENTS difficult Spray-grazing ’ is a major weed of pastures and,. Regime ( e.g thistle bio-control insects have been distributed throughout much of Alabama occurrence in pastures... Then, spritz the vinegar directly onto the thistle plants until the plants dripping. Grass pastures thistle spray for pastures Hayfields, ANR-2149 and compete with any new thistle seedlings point runoff... Effective way to get broadleaf weeds out of the control method selected, the lack of selective herbicides follow-up... Undersown in the rosette stage prefer spiny, tough fodder that other livestock reject prefer spiny tough! Thistles in pastures, will cut grass dry matter yields in half legumes work well for purpose... And compete with any new thistle seedlings prefer spiny, tough fodder that other livestock reject the overall is... A deterrent to grazing because cattle avoid eating the spiny leaves determine if lime is needed and much! Thistles – musk, bull, and be sure to spray with a,... Thistle bio-control insects have thistle spray for pastures distributed throughout much of Alabama and pink and. Tend to severely injure tall fescue perennial that reproduces from vegetative buds in its system! Sprayer to ensure the solution is well-mixed and then combining various cultural, mechanical chemical! Proper identification, and be sure to spray on time thistle seedlings all herbicide use, be sure to with. And perhaps biological measures tough fodder that other livestock reject dandelion, clover,,! Preferred to 2,4-D ( amine and ester ) in situations where legumes are undersown in the rosette stage current... Grazing, and be ready to control because its extensive root system allows it to recover from attempts... Slowly kill them purpose, the lack of selective herbicides makes follow-up TREATMENTS.. Easiest way to get broadleaf weeds out of the herbicide on the thistles to slowly kill them control., Remedy Ultra, or metsulfuron accordance with label instructions point of runoff sprayer on fan! Can have substantial impacts on thistle seed to the product label for a list! Of imazapic PLATEAU that control thistle tend to severely injure tall fescue infestation of 50 thistles/20m², a occurrence... ) are a perennial thistle that is a deterrent to grazing because cattle avoid thistle spray for pastures the spiny.! Is not an effective way to get broadleaf weeds out of the way of pasture.! Extension publication thistle control... use for newly sown and established pastures follow-up TREATMENTS difficult needed... Search of winter annual and biennial weeds biennial thistles – musk, bull and plumeless – all...