Timing Treatment Product Rate Comments May to August pulling n/a As long as seed or ripening fruit is not present, pull the plants and let them dry. Mile-a-minute weed (Persicaria perfoliata) is a super invasive Asian vine that has spread into at least a dozen states from Pennsylvania to Ohio and south to North Carolina. An alternate approach is investing effort in suppressing mile-a-minute long enough to release desired native vegetation to shade out mile-a-minute, with trees being the best option for a long-term shading approach. Use this form to report a possible Mile-a-Minute Vine sighting in Massachusetts. Its leaves are alternate, light green, 4 to 7 cm long and 5 to 9 cm wide, and shaped like an equilateral triangle. Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture. Mile-a-minute is on the state's invasive species watch list and has been reported in 15 states across the U.S. Imazapic can be used in specific herbaceous plantings, as some native warm-season grasses and forbs are tolerant. If some stem nodes remain after cutting, the vine will likely regrow. What is Mile a Minute Weed? This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. Forest Service. Its very distinctive leaves have 5-7 finger-like lobes. Product Code: LARGERUSSIAN. The dense foliage of this invasive weed blankets and slowly suffocates native vegetation, making it extremely destructive and persistent despite being an annual plant. Mile-a-minute is an herbaceous, annual, trailing vine that can reach lengths of 6 m or more. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. As such, it is a rapid colonizer of forest edges, wetlands, roadsides, and streambanks. Kudzu. Pennsylvania Sea Grant. Native To: Asia ( Stone 2010) Date of U.S. Introduction: 1930s ( Stone 2010) Means of Introduction: Introduced accidentally as a contaminant of nursery stock ( Stone 2010) Impact: One way of controlling mile-a-minute weeds is to spray them with a foliar non-selective herbicide treatment, which passes into the plants' roots and kills them. For advice and … See also: Pest Management - Exotic Invaders for more fact sheets. The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. The clusters have a round, cuplike leaf structure directly below them. Repeated cutting will reduce or prevent seed set, though this can be difficult in large infestations. National Invasive Species Information Center, Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Mile-a-Minute Vine, Pest Tracker - Survey Status of Mile-a-minute Weed, YouTube - Mile-a-Minute - Invasive Plant in Maryland, Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Mile-A-Minute, New York Invasive Species Information - Mile-A-Minute Weed, Biology and Biological Control of Mile-a-Minute Weed (Jul 2015) (PDF | 2.5 MB), National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System (NEMESIS): Chesapeake Bay Introduced Species Database -, New Hampshire's Prohibited Invasive Plant Fact Sheets, Forest Pests: Invasive Plants and Insects of Maryland - Mile-a-Minute (Aug 2012) (PDF | 584 KB), Invasive Plants in Pennsylvania: Mile-A-Minute (PDF | 151 KB), Factsheet: Mile-a-Minute (2019) (PDF | 587 KB), Invasive Plant Series - Mile-a-Minute Vine (Jan 2016) (PDF | 703 KB), Invasive Plant Fact Sheet - Mile-a-minute (Nov 2011) (PDF | 333 KB), Introduced Species Summary Project - Mile-a-Minute Weed, Invasive Plants and Insects: Mile-A-Minute, Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin: Mile-a-Minute Weed. Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. The management calendar for mile-a-minute emphasizes treatment before seed set. Seeds can also be transported in contaminated soil found on heavy machinery and logging equipment. Find the perfect mile a minute vine stock photo. The fruit is buoyant for up to nine days and can be deposited far downstream from parent colonies. By late summer you are unlikely to have an impact on the seedbank; you are likely just removing the shading effect and releasing smothered vegetation. View our privacy policy. Preemergence herbicide plus 1 ounce/acre or 0.25–0.50 ounce/ acre. The seeds are small and often distributed by accidental movement. MAM is an indeterminate vine that flowers from mid-June until killing frost. Contact Us. Selective preemergence applications of prodiamine or pendimethalin prevent mile-a-minute establishment and have little effect on plants that are already present. ARS. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation. Fallopia baldschuanica, aka Russian vine, aka mile-a-minute, is a devil of a climber. Shallow fibrous root system. Mile-a-minute (Persicaria perfoliata) is a trailing vine with barbed stems and triangular leaves. Provides state, county, point and GIS data. Mile a Minute vine or Devil's tear thumb Polygonum perfoliata Life Cycle: Summer annual herbaceous vine that can climb over vegetation, smothering plants forming dense mats; invasive Growth habit: Thrives in full sun but can tolerate shade. It outcompetes and outgrows native species, causing ecological and economic harm. In the peak growing season, mile-a-minute can put on up to 6 inches of growth a day. This plant is a vine that can grow 20-25’ in a single growing season in colder zones, climbing right up anything that is nearby. When seed is present, it should be bagged and destroyed. The recommendation for mile-a-minute vine was based upon this literature review [PDF] developed by the department. Mile-a-minute (Persicaria perfoliata) is a trailing vine with barbed stems and triangular leaves. Division of Plant Industry. For small populations, hand pulling and repeated mowing can be effective. Smithsonian Institution. National Genetic Resources Program. Flower buds, and thus flowers and fruit, grow from these ocr… An annual herbaceous plant with triangular leaves and blue fruits, mile-a-minute vine (Persicaria perfoliata) can grow up to 26 feet long. FS. Trade names are provided to give specific information. Maps can be downloaded and shared. University of Georgia. “We hope [this] is not an aggressive invasion of … ANSWER: Mile a Minute Weed Control Herbicides. Cooperative Extension. The ongoing fragmentation of forests from development is creating more habitat opportunities for the establishment of this species. Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team. The barbs allow the vine to climb over other plants and human-made surfaces. Read on for information about mile-a-minute weed control. Both of these herbicides are soil active and have postemergence activity. What does it look like? FS. The weevil lays its eggs in the leaves, stems, and buds of mile-a-minute, where the larvae feed until they pupate and drop into the soil. Sulfometuron has significant activity on a broad spectrum of herbaceous species and is best used where woody plant growth and forest regeneration is the objective. Mile-a-minute weed or vine, Asiastic tearthumb, Introduced accidentally as a contaminant of nursery stock (, Forms dense mats that crowd out native species (. Mile-a-minute vine. Ground-level stem cutting using a string trimmer or similar device is effective. Seedling vines will be controlled and there will be a short window of residual activity to allow the less soluble prodiamine or pendimethalin to move into the soil to prevent subsequent germination. This plant is self-pollinating annual that can self-seed vigorously on its own. Weevil infestation does not eradicate mile-a-minute. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. The vine invades Oregon and the northeastern United States. Common Name: Mile-a-minute weed or vine, Asiastic tearthumb. Doc ID: 1738709 Doc Name: mile-a-minute.pdf; Error Message: Stack Trace: The vine scrambles over other vegetation and can climb trees and posts. Mile-a-minute has ocreae that surround the stems at nodes. The fruit is also eaten and dispersed by birds and small mammals and is available for consumption from mid-summer through fall. Key ID Features: Light blue-green leaves are triangular and 1-3” (2-8cm) wide. 2 quarts/acre or 3 quarts/acre plus 2 quarts/acre. Adding a very low rate of imazapic or sulfometuron to a preemergence treatment allows you to apply closer to or even after germination with minimal injury to desirable vegetation. Mile-a-minute vine grows distinctive blue fruits. Fruit: While the pale green flowers are not noticeable, this vine produces metallic blue or purple berrylike fruit in late summer, each ¼ inch across. These herbicides will control emerged and germinating seedlings long enough to allow the less soluble preemergence herbicides time to move through soil into the germination zone. Round leaflike structures, called ocreae, completely encircle the main stem at the base of each leaf petiole. Are you worried about controlling mile-a-minute weeds in your backyard? The Solution. Description and Biology. Additionally, these combinations are also effective against Japanese stiltgrass (Microstegium vimineum), which commonly occurs on the same sites as mile-a-minute. Noncrop sites include fence rows, roadsides, rights-of-way, wildflower plantings, and prairie sites. Mile-a-minute prefers sites with moderate to high soil moisture and full sunlight. It also has little soil activity, and formulations are available with aquatic labeling. LEARN HOW TO STOP THE INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: Information and resources for the Extension Community, Download PDF Save For Later Print Purchase Print. We despatch WITH container so roots are safe. Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. Originally from India and East Asia, this species was first reported in York County, Pennsylvania, in the 1930s in contaminated nursery soil. (Fallopia baldschaunica also known as Polygonum baldschuanicu). This climber is very vigorous, in reality it can be rampant and hard to control. Before submitting a report, please review our fact sheet for photos and descriptions of this invasive species. Imazapic and sulfometuron have little effect on woody plants but will cause injury to some desirable herbaceous species. Home and Garden Information Center. Prepared by Skylure Templeton, Art Gover, Dave Jackson, and Sarah Wurzbacher. In contrast to other invasive vines, mile-a-minute is an herbaceous annual, meaning it dies each fall and new plants grow from germinating seeds in the spring. Its green vines are narrow and delicate, becoming woody and reddish with time. Mechanical Controls. It has barbs on the underside and there are circular, cup-shaped leaves at intervals on the stem. Preemergence applications will cause less damage to non-target species than postemergence applications. They are simple, alternate and light green. If using a different glyphosate product, be sure to check the product label to see if a surfactant is needed (some come premixed). A surfactant (e.g., Alligare 90) needs to be added. Have a photo or small sample of the plant handy if possible. Cooperative Extension. Courtesy photo / Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org. Columbia University. FHTET-2008-10. Mile-a-minute (Persicaria perfoliata) is an invasive vine and noxious weed in PA. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. By entering your email, you consent to receive communications from Penn State Extension. Sweet pea vine, pea vine, Dolichos lignosus. Fallopia baldschuanica known as Russian Vine and Mile a Minute plant is very easy to grow, so easy you cannot stop it growing and it is invasive. Other formulations with identical efficacy may be available. No need to register, buy now! You are being redirected to the DCNR eLibrary. Dipogon lignosus; Fallopia baldschuanica; Ipomoea cairica, a species of morning glory; Mikania micrantha; Persicaria perfoliata, a.k.a. This website serves as a central source of information, news, publications, and educational materials relating to mile-a-minute vine in the state of Connecticut. Reviewed by Norris Muth, Amy Jewitt, and Andrew Rohrbaugh. Use preemergence herbicides where infestations are dense, then follow up in May with postemergence herbicides to treat missed areas. Please use the guide below to help identify other vines which are generally native, non-invasive species. University of Pennsylvania. Use postemergence herbicides as the primary tool where infestations are not dense and as a follow-up to preemergence applications. University of Connecticut. Its stems are covered with barbs, which are also present on the underside of its leaf blades. But, homeowners soon learn that Russian vine just won't stop growing. Mile-a-minute weed is an herbaceous annual vine. Where is it originally from? Use the combination of glyphosate plus triclopyr for spot treatments. Pennsylvania State University. They can be dispersed easily by moving contaminated soil or through water in riparian or wetland areas. Name: LARGE 90 cm Russian Vine - Mile-A-Minute Vine. University of Maine. Weed, ( Persicaria perfoliata ) is a devil of a climber and formulations are on! Flowers from mid-June until killing frost have news, courses, or events of to. 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